This article highlights into the impact of early marriage on physical, psychological, social, and economic well-being, focusing on the high rates of early marriage in Iraq.  With rates as high as 32% in rural areas, early marriage can have negative effects such as pregnancy complications, domestic violence, and mental health disorders.

What are the physical effects of Early Marriage?

 Early marriage can increase the risks of pregnancy and childbirth complications for girls as their bodies are not fully prepared for birth. Early marriage can lead to a higher risk of maternal and infant mortality, premature births, low birth weight, and complications during delivery. Additionally, early marriage can limit girls' access to healthcare and information about reproductive health, potentially increasing their vulnerability to sexually transmitted infections and other health concerns. Most importantly, it limits their educational opportunities. Both girls and boys may experience stress, anxiety, and negative health behaviors such as substance abuse.


What are the psychological effects of Early Marriage?

Early marriage can lead to feelings of isolation, depression, and loss of autonomy for girls as they are often forced to leave their family and friends behind and take on the responsibilities of a wife and mother at a young age. This loss of independence and control can also lead to feelings of anxiety and stress. Additionally, early marriage can lead to a lack of opportunities for personal growth and development, as girls may be expected to prioritize their domestic responsibilities over their own goals and aspirations while boys may experience pressure to provide for their families at the expense of their personal growth. Mental health issues such as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression can also arise from early marriage.

What are the social effects of Early Marriage?

Girls may miss out on forming friendships and social connections outside of their marital relationships as they are often expected to prioritize their domestic responsibilities over their personal lives. In addition, early marriage can limit girls' educational opportunities, further restricting their ability to form social connections and build social networks., Boys who marry early may also miss out on opportunities for emotional growth and social connections, as they may be expected to provide for their families at the expense of their personal lives. These effects can be harmful for one's mental and social well-being.

What are the economic effects of Early Marriage?

Early marriage can limit girls' and boys' educational and career opportunities, which can limit their earning potential and economic independence.

What tips can help you if you marry at an early age?

Here are some suggestions to help you cope with the challenges you may face.

  1. Communicate openly and honestly with your partner about your feelings and expectations.
  2. Seek support from friends, family members, or a trusted counselor to help you cope with the stress and challenges of married life.
  3. Prioritize your education and career opportunities to provide financial stability and personal fulfillment.
  4. Seek out resources and support services if you experience physical or psychological abuse.

In conclusion, early marriage has serious physical and psychological impacts on individuals. However, seeking support, prioritizing education and communication, and staying informed about available resources can help individuals cope with early marriage and stay safe and healthy.



  1. Child Marriage in Iraq" by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
  2. Perspectives on early marriage
  3. Girl's Education in Iraq
  4. Early marriage in Iraq – UNICEF


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